create acceptable microclimate in your house, protect it from drafts and dampness helps warming the room.Wall insulation allows three times to cut costs as space heating in winter and cooling it in the summer.After the insulation acts as a shield, preventing the flow of air, protecting the structure from external factors.Unfortunately, the ability to produce insulation of the facade of the building has not always.For example, the thermal insulation of the end wall panel construction is advantageously carried out from the inside.
- advantages of thermal insulation of walls indoors
- methods insulating walls inside
- Wall insulation from inside the plasterboard
- Wall insulation from inside the mineral wool
- Wall insulation from inside the Penoplex
- technology insulating walls inside
- Preparing walls
- Framework design and installation of insulation
- Laying vapor retarding layer and a finishing time
- Other methods of insulatingwalls
advantages of thermal insulation of walls indoors
- relatively low cost.
- Performing insulation is possible at any time of the year.
- can insulate all the structure as a whole, and individual rooms and even the walls.
- Soundproofing premises.
Among the positive points should be allocated are also available for self-fulfillment: it is the power of any owner.It is also important to know the ways of insulating walls and choose the best material for this.
methods insulating walls inside
for thermal insulation inside the building are mainly used the same materials as the insulation to the outside.The most popular insulation: expanded polystyrene, mineral wool and mixed thermal insulation materials based on asbestos.
Wall insulation from inside the plasterboard
insulation with sheets of drywall - a simple and fast way of insulating walls.The minimum distance from the wall to the rough surface of the front plate - three centimeters.The greater the distance, so, consequently, greater thermal insulation fit into the void structure.This method of insulation is suitable only for large areas, as the wall in the process of mounting a warming design noticeably thicker.
process of building insulation inside start with mounting structure of metal profiles at a distance of two centimeters from the wall.The frame is best to mount the galvanized profile.On the sole guide profile must be glued to the surface of the insulation tape from contact with plaster, drywall thereby protecting against cold transmitted through the metal profile.Then, in the resulting cavity frame (between rack-mount profiles) laid mineral wool.The air gap between the wall construction and plasterboard already a heater.However, the use of mineral wool or foam greatly increases the heat resistance of the structure.
Due to its structure and elasticity, the material fills a great design.The next step is installation of drywall.When insulation damp rooms should not save.It is best to purchase moisture resistant drywall.At the final stage of finishing passes plasterboard wallpaper.
Wall insulation from inside the mineral wool
insulation using mineral wool - one of the most economical options.The advantages include ease of mineral wool (which is very important for the transportation of construction materials and insulation of old designs) and low thermal conductivity."Thermos" effect occurs due to the occurrence of an air cushion between the mineral fibers.
Perhaps the only drawback of mineral wool is that it is rather hygroscopic.Therefore, if you decide to wall insulation from the inside, also have to take care of a vapor barrier to prevent condensation forming.In order to prevent the absorption of moisture through the surface of the insulation is recommended, along with the main heat-insulating material to hold the inside wall insulation penofolom.This material has an outstanding property - saves up to 97% of the heat.Paroizolyatora layer is applied to a frame made of metal profiles after the installation of mineral wool.
Penofol - special, polyethylene foam coated with aluminum foil in the form of having a vapor barrier and sound insulation characteristics.Penofol membrane has small holes that allow water microparticles move in only one direction.Sheets penofol have a small thickness.Due to the flexibility active material is easy to assemble.It does not require additional maintenance during the operation, which is also the indisputable advantage.
Wall insulation from inside the Penoplex
insulation using extruded polystyrene possible even for beginners who do not have much experience in construction.Nothing could be simpler: plates "Penoplex", which can be purchased here http://penoplex-spb.ru, attached with adhesive to the wall.This adhesive composition is processed by the entire surface of the plate.Small holes on the side plates ensure reliable fastening Penoplex and improved sealing of joints.Extruded polystyrene with smooth edges needs additional sizing tape.The foam as a paste and fixed with screws.
at warming Penoplex in conducting a vapor barrier is not necessary, since the surface of the plate is a vapor tight.A thin layer of plaster, applied to the grain (for better grip with the surfacing materials and increased protection against fire) extruded polystyrene surface, it will prevent the walls from damage and prepare for further painting or wallpapering coating.
technology insulating walls inside
insulation process takes place in several stages.The sequence of operations depends primarily on the material chosen.Heater or adhered to the inner surface of a wall or mounted on a special structure.
The most common is the scheme of insulation inside the walls, in which the layers of insulation are arranged as follows:
- interior walls.
- small ventilation gap.
- a vapor barrier membrane.
whole process of insulation of walls can be divided into several stages.
During the mineral insulation boards or through drywall is not necessarily align wall.It is enough to clean the walls of the scaly particles of building materials, remove the protrusions that prevent fixation of thermal insulating materials and conduct fungicide treatment (protection against excessive activity room of mold).Minor irregularities Mask during thermal insulation and finishing works.
Framework design and installation of insulation
a short distance from the wall mount frame made of aluminum profiles or wooden bars (depending on climate).It should be noted that the timber is exposed to shrinkage and deformation at sharp drops in temperature.Profile is attached in a vertical direction.The thickness of the frame must necessarily conform to the thickness of the insulation, and the distance between the bars or profiles are calculated depending on the size of the finishing material (eg a sheet of drywall).When insulation polystyrene frame do not need to build.
laying thermal insulation materials begins after the completion of the carcass.In order to produce the insulation inside the walls, enough of one layer of insulation.If there is a need to install the second layer, respectively, to a need to install additional framing.Often in the radiator heater installation is difficult.In this case, it runs penofol layer.
Laying water vapor retarder layer and the finishing time
Vapour proof layer protects the walls of the concentration in the cavities of thermal insulation material excess moisture.As paroizolyatora most commonly used film-coated foil.Make sure that the shiny part of the water vapor retarder layer faces the inner wall of the room.Sheets of water vapor retarder layer attached lap.To improve the effect of metallic joints glued shut.
After the insulation surface is sheathed with plasterboard and plastered and then painted or glued panels or decorative wallpaper.Regarding the choice of finishing materials, no special restrictions.
Other ways insulating walls
In some cases, the foam is placed into the space with the masonry walls.During the construction phase is also used Penoizol , which is poured into hard to reach areas and crevices.
from liquid materials used cellulose , which is also under the slab is poured in the gaps between the masonry.In cellulose insulation has a number of drawbacks: it is flammable and easily exposed to microorganisms and infected with mold.To prevent this in the pulp need to add flame retardants and antiseptics.
One of the simplest, but not cheap ways of insulating walls is keramoizolyatsiya .This liquid toothpaste, which is applied on the wall surface and in tight spaces.To achieve the effect you need to cover the walls of 5-6 layers of pasta consumption is 1 square meter - 250 ml.This makes this type of insulation of walls, though expensive, but durable.
When carrying out insulation works unsightly heating or water pipes, electrical wiring more easily hide in a niche of the thermal insulation.Therefore wall insulation from the inside - a good excuse, and improve the performance of the facilities, and improve the design of the room.