uneven ceilings - an urgent problem both old and new homes.If the differences in the level of the walls can visually conceal mottled paper or decor items, the ceiling wallpaper paste and not not hang a picture.It is necessary to carry out the alignment of the ceiling, the cost of which is usually several times higher than the cost of leveling walls.Trust this work can only be proven masters, so you do not have to redo it.And if you do not have to hire a company paying serious, it is better to teach yourself.In most cases, the alignment ceiling with his hands to receive quality than an inexperienced handyman.Anyway, do you react to your ceiling with more responsibility and accuracy than a stranger.A new skill you will undoubtedly be useful in the subsequent repair of their homes.
- reasons irregularities ceiling
- How to identify and determine the magnitude of the differential?
- way to align the ceiling
- raw ways
- dry methods
- Stretch ceilings
- PVC panels and siding
- equalization technique ceilings crude ways
- Technique alignment ceiling dry methods
Significant differences ceiling level are most often the result of improper installation of floor slabs.Most boards are not simply placed on different levels, but also set at an angle, making it more difficult task.In addition, the ceiling cracks and bumps sometimes appear due to shrinkage or cleaning the house his foundation.Slight depressions may form as a result of poor cementing joints between the ceiling tiles and paving due to wiring on the ceiling.But in any case, it sets out the alignment of the ceiling, the price of which depends on the technology, you must first determine the value of the differential.
Determination of the difference from the value
difference between the highest and the lowest point of the ceiling depends on which way he should choose the alignment.For this measurement, it is most convenient to use an aqueous or laser level (level).But if you are not a professional builder, and do not have such a device, it will fit the normal level of construction.Attach it to the lowest point on the ceiling, measure the vertical distance from the opposite end of the level to the highest point of the ceiling.
Methods of alignment of the ceiling:
- Raw ways .They are so named because the dry mixture in this case diluted with water.These include plaster and plaster walls.They are used when the height difference is not more than 5-7 cm. Drop of 5 to 7 cm, ceiling first plastered.and then puttied.When you drop from 2 to 5 cm is applied directly to the plaster reinforcing mesh.And if you drop very slightly (up to 2 cm) need only layer of putty without the grid.
- Dry methods involve not only the alignment of the ceiling as his disguise irregularities through a variety of dry materials:
- Sheathing plasterboard .GCR can not only make a perfectly smooth surface of the ceiling, but also to realize their design decisions on multi-level ceilings with spot lights.If you have a basic difference in height not pass through the center of the room, with the help of plasterboard can be made along the perimeter box.In this basket, first, the communication pipe which is hidden as well.Second, the basic height of the ceiling in the center of the room will remain almost unchanged.In addition, gypsum is also waterproof, so it can be used for the ceiling in the bathroom, the kitchen and the attic.
- Stretch ceilings .They also offer scope for violence of designer fantasies.Design paintings can be so different that the same material looks qualitatively different.For example, a glossy PVC sheet resembles a mirror surface and visually increases the height of the room.Exactly the same sheet of PVC, but with a matte coating, it looks like a normal perfectly painted plastered ceiling.Fabric is generally ceilings can be ordered with a certain pattern or image, stunningly beautiful and functional ceilings combined with duct of GCR.
- PVC panels and siding .The most lasting and durable option, although less attractive appearance.This material is characterized by particularly high water resistance, so it can be applied even in very wet areas.And its installation is so simple that the ceiling siding alignment technology available to everyone.Finding out how much is the alignment of the ceiling, you will see that the panel siding and PVC - and even the best budget option.
equalization technique ceilings crude ways
first carried out the dismantling of old paint and plaster.For this purpose it softens the wet roller and knock sharp spatula.If you have a drill or a hammer, they carry out the dismantling possible.Also sell special mixture for washing old paint, and in the old days used instead iodide solution.If after dismantling, you find mold on the floor slabs, it should be treated with an antifungal spray or copper sulfate.
Then spend the markup walls.To this end, using a level (laser. Water or normal) determine the lowest point of the rough ceiling, and on which it will dub.Mark it with a pencil on the wall and is carried around the perimeter walls of the room line, which will serve as a guide for the lower limit of the ceiling of the future.But note that even the most well exposed with a laser level will seem insufficient horizontal horizontal if you uneven floor.
After marking the ceiling is treated with primer for concrete 2 times, and allow it to dry.For wet premises used water-resistant primer.If there is a need for plastering (drop more than 2 cm) using cement or gypsum plaster.Stucco has a more pronounced insulating properties but is not resistant to moisture.In damp rooms only applied cement plaster.With a significant drop additionally reinforced with a paintbrush or a metal grid.Paint the grid is sticky inside, and easily glued to the ceiling.Metal mesh is attached to the nails or screws.
plaster is mixed to the proportion of products in large containers using a drill.For its application using two spatula.One spatula smear the mixture on the second, and the second - directly on the ceiling.If desired, the plaster is applied in several layers, each subsequent complete drying after the previous one.Next ceiling shpaklyuyut first base, and then, slightly tapered finishing putty.After it dries the wall will be overwritten by sandpaper.Align ceilings, videos:
Technique alignment ceiling dry methods
Regardless of the material chosen for the headliner, the technique is very similar to their mounting.Dismantling of old ceiling in this case, you can not even carry out, except to remove that showered itself.Then, in the same way as described earlier, is carried partitioning walls but recede from the bottom of the rough ceiling.If it is suspended ceiling back down for at least 3-4 cm, and if the siding or plasterboard - 10 and sometimes 15 cm. This is necessary in order to fit under the ceiling of the starting profile, all the necessary communications, and remained at-least the minimumgap for ventilation.
further on marked lines on the walls set the profiles, or the so-called crate.Drywall pripenyayut metal, and for siding - wood profiles.Thereafter mounted ceiling coating itself, and in the case of suspended ceilings pvc it is also pre-heats the heat gun.Align ceiling with his hands, videos: