quality roof - guarantee reliable protection of your home from the vagaries of nature.The roof is an integral part of building design, perform an important function.
Besides providing heat and waterproofing, it is responsible for the appearance of the building, giving the structure of the individual, unique character.
is why roofing materials should be chosen wisely, taking into account a lot of nuances, each of which can be crucial.
- Roofing materials: types
- Features of bituminous roofing materials
- Glassine Ruberoid
- , foil
- tarry materials
- Asphalt mats
- baseless roofing
- Film roll materials
- Video Summary: "Modern roofing materials"
Roofing roll materials are cloth, cardboard, synthetic or wool-based, which is applied on both sides of the foundation knitting.This type of material is widely used in industrial and residential construction due
kinds of building materials market today offers a lot of options for arranging the roof.The range is so wide that the choice of the ideal sample can spend a lot of time.No theoretical knowledge is not enough - reliable information about the characteristics of modern roofing materials will help to identify and buy the best.
As has become clear classification is quite extensive and includes several parameters.Thus, the types of roofing materials used often.
- structure cloth distinguish basic and baseless materials;
- by type foundations - cardboard, asbestos, fiberglass, polymer-bitumen (combined).The unbonded materials database role assigned to the melkoarmiruyuschie components - asbestos fibers;
- depending on the binder - wood tar, bitumen, degtebitumnye mixed, rubber, plastics, bitumen-polymer;
- type protective coating - material with a film or foil, as well as squamous, small-, coarse-grained dust.
Impressive market share up bituminous roofing materials, which attract primarily accessibility.Base - a key indicator, which is worth special attention.Paperboard - the least durable.Besides cardboard accumulates moisture and rot, even when the life of the multi-layer stacking is unlikely to exceed 7 years.Fiberglass is more reliable, but, alas, often torn.Optimal everything for the roof - fiberglass and polyester, which are not only strong, but also quite flexible, which facilitates the process of laying.
When you select should be noted that at times the quality is increased by modifying the contents of the binder.For example, modification of rubber roofing materials gives additional flexibility, the plastic - heat resistance.Soft roofing materials based on modified bitumen characterized by high resistance to temperature and UV radiation, and hence last much longer.
even greater prospect endowed materials in which bitumen is missing.This latest roofing materials that can be safely used on the roofs of any slope.Polymeric membranes are welded quickly, providing a perfect tightness of the coating.
Features of bituminous roofing materials
Consider roofing materials, having a base in the form of cardboard, paper, foil, glass fabric.
obtained by impregnation of a roofing cardboard by soft oil bitumen with a softening point of not less than 40 degrees.It is used in asphalt waterproofing and roofing works as a lining for the bottom layer of roof "pie", for mounting on hot mastic under the asbestos and molded bitumen sheets.When selecting
inspect the roll - the surface should not have depressions, mounds, tears or cracks.
is made by impregnating cardboard petroleum bitumen, followed by application of a protective composition and spreading.The coarse fraction increase resistance to the negative effects of precipitation and give the material an attractive appearance.
Ruberoid divided into lining and roofing.You can distinguish them by the index P or K. Ruberoid must meet certain requirements: to be moisture-resistant, heat-proof.Coarse-grained roll from one end must be clean (without topping) edge width of 70 mm.
surfaced roofing material from the traditional characterized in that the lower surface of the sealant is applied, which is in contact with solvents (white spirit, kerosene) gets sticking properties.
uncoated waterproofing, as a base in this case is the asbestos paper.Available flashing 2 values: GR-H (for waterproofing basements) and GI-K (for roofing).
roll should be wound tight as possible and have smooth ends.High-quality fabric is easy to recognize - it is smooth, uniform color, no creases, dents and holes.
Roofing wool-based, manufactured by bilateral application bitumen binder bases wool canvas.There are roofing material with coarse, scaly dust and grit.
Accordingly, the material is drawn to create the top or middle layer of the roof "pie" back-lining and waterproofing.
foil insulating polymer material consisting of smooth or corrugated foil coated with a protective bitumen-rubber compound on the bottom side.The outer surface is painted weatherproof varnishes and paints to give the materials are resistant to corrosion.
Rubber, part of the protective impregnation, plastic and moisture resistance, slowly "getting old."Polymer roofing professionals have earned the favor of its numerous advantages.They are durable, moisture resistant, reliable and most importantly cheap.
roll roofing material filizol belongs to the group surfaced and released on glass fabric, polyester fabric.The composition of this material includes a thermoplastic elastomer or a similar polymer.When selecting
need to consider the appointment of the roof waterproofing.There are filizol backing (everything for the lower layer of roof cladding) and roof (top layer).
tarry materials obtained after impregnation of cardboard with tar, which prevents rotting foundations and application of petroleum bitumen.Roofing materials are good for this type of lining hydraulic seals, flat and water-filled coatings.
Round material coated mineral grit or sand.Note that under ultraviolet light tarry solutions lose their original properties and become brittle, so when purchasing, make sure that strew was distributed evenly on the canvas.In
break roofing should have a uniform black color without light layers of cardboard.Depending on the coating layer, spreading nature, weight and destination of cardboard distinguish uncoated, waterproofing roofing and roofing felt with sandy and coarse-grained.The maximum service life of the roofing material - 10 years.
Asphalt reinforced mats
mats are manufactured by coating fiberglass waterproofing mastic asphalt, bitumen.Most often, the material used for the lining hydraulic seals.
main advantage of unbonded materials - the ability to perceive the deformation of the base, without compromising the integrity.
bituminous material, durable roofing material 2 times.Saves the positive qualities of both high (100) and at low (-30) temperature.But this is not the main pluses: gnilostoek insulation, elastic, waterproof.For gluing need hot izolnaya / bitumen mastic.To prevent sticking of the inner side is sprinkled with chalk or talc.
are made of ground rubber tires, plasticizers, fillers and petroleum bitumen of different viscosity.It recommended for arranging an inclined roof (35 mm), sealing joints and expansion joints.
Film roll materials
This type of roofing materials are waterproof, nylon, stabilized polyethylene film.Their advantage is the small thickness, light weight and high performance waterproof.From drawbacks should be noted that the material loses its quality when subjected microorganisms sunlight and other adverse weather conditions.
Choosing roofing materials - a complex task that requires knowledge and experience.It is important not only to choose the right type and brand, but also take into account the particularities of the building - architectural, construction, climate, and others.It is better to trust in this matter experts.It will depend on the level of protection for your home and your degree of tranquility.Calmness, which is not a pity to pay.
Video: "Modern roofing materials"