to use the balcony space can be different: for the storage of anything, such as vegetables and preparations for the winter, as a conservatory or winter garden, a separate warm room, which can be used as a workingoffice or recreation area.In any case, to carry out their plans, it will need insulation from the inside balcony.Even if you are going to do from the balcony absolutely warm room and want to keep it blank winter, out on the balcony to the temperature did not fall below zero, it must be warm.
- Driving warming balcony
- Ways of warming balcony
- Warming of the balcony Warming Penoplex
- balcony polystyrene (foam)
- Warming of the balcony clapboard
- mineral wool insulated balcony
way, in everyday life, there are two concepts: the "balcony"and "balcony", which are fundamentally different from each other.
Balcony a full Remote, which is located outside the building.Paul is a plate projecting from the building.The space fenced parapet
Loggia is integrated into the building space, one side of which is open and can be enclosed by a metal or concrete / brick parapet.With two, and often three sides - the walls adjacent to the premises, or apartments, or with neighbors.
course, Sun is more suitable for the equipment of a separate room than the balcony, for several reasons.Firstly, it is always larger.Secondly, loggia - part of the building, which means it is able to withstand heavy floor loads.Third, two or three walls balconies are in a warm room, which greatly reduces the cost of insulation.
most common and a balcony and a loggia called the word "balcony".We also will use this concept, but with reservations, if the structural differences of these facilities will require adjustment.
Driving warming balcony
begin better with glazing, and use at least double glazing.And if you live in a region where winter temperatures drop below - 40 ° C, it is necessary to reflect on the three-compartment.
Important!If you have old wooden windows with single glass, and you think: "Now I'm here zaduyu, there are insulated, and all will be well", have to disappoint you.Half-measures will not get off.Such warming would not change the situation, the temperature will not rise on the balcony.Money spent on warming, will blow into the tube - or rather, through the windows, the ones - wooden.
sheathing and insulation of the balcony have to create a "thermos" effect.To do this, you must first install quality windows, through which do not lose to the heat, and then insulate the walls, ceiling, and floor of the balcony parapet.
Technology insulated balcony can be divided into the following stages:
- close up all the gaps that remained after glazing.For this purpose, you can use assembly foam or other sealants.If the gap is larger, previously close their improvised materials such as pieces of foam or plywood.Zapenivaem, wait until the foam is dry, and cut off the excess.
- Gidroizoliruem all internal surfaces of the balcony.Various materials can be used.Roofing felt is laid flooring material overlap, it is glued to the base, and the joints are glued together by means of a gas burner.Liquid penetration, such as Penetron, applied to the concrete surface with a brush or roller.Alternatively obmazochnye fit, paint, putty, polyurethane and others.
- Fasten insulation material for the balcony.On what materials can be used and how they are attached, we will talk about later.
- Puts vapor barrier.You can use a regular polyethylene foam.But the best option would be material Penofol, foil on one side.Attach it must necessarily just butt (can not overlap!), Joints sizing aluminum tape.Metallized side have necessarily indoors heat coming from the heated rooms will be repelled back.
- carry out walls and ceilings balcony.
- Making floor (wooden joists on, concrete or filler).
warming balcony unified scheme.So if you want to get quality, follow all the steps and do not skimp on the little things, and then to not regret.
Important!Vapor necessarily fit on the room side.Because its mission - to prevent the penetration of domestic steam out of the room heater.Equip any vapor barrier from the street, everyone decides for himself, but a layer of waterproofing - mandatory.
Ways of warming balcony
Depending on exactly how you want to use the balcony as a result, it can be warmed in different ways.
If you have a loggia that plan to use for the storage of fruits and dryer, then insulate it should be only a single layer, and then - only the parapet.
If you have a balcony, which is going to turn into a separate room, it is necessary to insulate the two layers of different materials, paying maximum attention to all surfaces - walls, parapets, floor and ceiling.
If you plan to join the loggia to the room, it should be warm from the parapet - in two layers, and the walls, floor and ceiling - in a single layer.
repair and insulation of balconies perform a variety of materials on the technology inherent to them.Thermal insulation materials (insulation) have different coefficients of thermal conductivity, structure and form.Next we will look at only a few of them and clarify some nuances of their use and mounting.
Warming balcony Penoplex
Penoplex called material from the group of extruded polystyrene foam.It has a thermal conductivity of 0.030 W / (m ° C), does not absorb moisture, it has a high compressive strength and flexural strength.Penoplex produced in slabs of various sizes in thickness from 20 mm to 100 mm.Plates can be smooth or may have recesses and protrusions performing the function of the "spike" and "groove", which greatly facilitates their stowage and securing.
In regions with harsh climates should use Penoplex thickness from 50 mm to 70 mm.If the temperature in your region rarely drop below - 25 ° C will suffice slabs 40 mm thick.
method of fixing insulation Penoplex selected in view of what will be finishing time.
If you plan balcony sheathing plastic sheets of drywall or other material, then the plate is sufficient to fix with the help of special plastic dowels , resembling a mushroom.
Plastic dowel legs have a thickness of 8 - 10 mm, lattice caps act as a fastening element.We recommend using a dowel length of 80 - 100 mm.In the case where the topcoat is plaster plates should be fixed in a combined way.Please stick to the surface, then further consolidate the "mushrooms".
insulation technology is Penoplex:
- on pre-seal the surface of the plate fastened Penoplex.
- sure to collect their butt, or through a system of "thorn" and "groove".
- Fix the dowels, mushrooms, 5 - 7 pieces per plate.
Important!In no case should not be performed on the wall a wooden crate in the space which then insert plate Penoplex.In this case, the tree will be the "cold bridges" and quickly release heat from the room.If you plan to install insulation on top of the sheets of plasterboard, then fasten Penoplex by the above technology, and then put a vapor barrier on top of already - tamp crate.The empty space between the insulation and finishing sheets will act as an additional thermal insulation.
Today Penoplex considered the most popular and successful solution for the thermal insulation of the balcony.This is because of its strength characteristics.If the strength is not so important, it can be used for insulation foam.
Warming balcony polystyrene (foam)
foam less durable than extruded polystyrene, but it has a lower thermal conductivity due to large air bubbles.Available in slabs with thickness from 5 cm to 15 cm. For warming the balcony will be enough 5 - 10 cm plates.
foam hygroscopic and does not lose its properties under the influence of moisture.
technology polystyrene foam insulation looks like:
- balcony waterproofed surface coated with a primer deep penetration.
- After the primer has dried glue the foam to the surface of the plate with special glue.
- addition to the adhesive joint anchoring plates using the same "mushroom" as Penoplex.
- top foam vapor barrier can be fixed, but you can do without it.
- Next on the surface of the anchor fiberglass reinforcing mesh solution with adhesive properties.
top grid can be applied to stucco, plaster, paint or do other finishing.
Warming of the balcony clapboard
Wooden wall paneling used for insulation balconies only as a second layer of insulation material.The exception is only one option: if insulated balcony, where the walls adjacent to the heated room.In this case, the walls, floor and ceiling are finished lining, which in this case is both a heater, and as a final finish.Parapet also requires a thorough insulation - first foam only then - the clapboard.
technology warming the balcony clapboard:
- on pre-primed surface fills a wooden crate, which will serve as the mounting support for the lining.
- In between glue crate foam sheets.
- All slots blow out the foam or handle other sealant.
- Paul also insulated, laying wooden joists.
- Fasten battens to the sheathing on the walls and on the floor joists.
top bunk can be treated with varnish.
Important!Please note that such warming on the balcony hilenky impossible to arrange - wall paneling is too heavy.So be sure to make a preliminary calculation of strength.
mineral wool insulated balcony
Experts recommend to give up the idea to insulate a balcony with mineral wool, because of its fragile structure and inability to firmly attach the material, leaving no gaps.It is advisable to use polystyrene or Penoplex the same, but if you decide to accurately and completely, you want it to warm mineral wool, well - to share technology.
Technology mineral wool insulation balcony:
- On the surface damp-proof glue sheets / linen wool.Using a special adhesive, follow the correct consistency: it should be smooth and thick.
- working with the web carefully so as little as possible damage them - mineral wool is not the most durable material.
- After applying adhesive to the web presses it to the surface, but not too much - our task is to glue and not push the material.
- We try to join the web as carefully as possible, leaving a minimum clearance.
- If you can secure further plugs, use the "mushrooms".But only after the glue dries.Top
- laid vapor barrier.
- Mount reinforcing mesh or lath for further finishing.
set on the floor joists in the space between them should be laid webs of mineral wool.
All work on the balcony insulation from the inside, you can do yourself, no matter what material you choose.It does not require any specific skills or knowledge, only a tool and skill in dealing with them.But the balcony glazing should still be left to professionals, it is not easy.