The article deals with the design, features, application and installation of lath ceiling.On the device it belongs to the category of suspension.
Through strength, durability, a wide range of colors rack suspended ceilings are widely used in a variety of interior spaces - bathrooms, kitchens, garages, swimming pools, offices, etc.Excellent water resistance makes them suitable for outdoor installations, such as porches, gas stations.
- design rack ceiling
- types of suspended ceilings, a brief description
- Mounting strip ceilings, tips and tricks
- Preparing the working surface
- markup to begin
- Installation, step by step instructions
- How to calculate the necessary amount of material
design rack ceiling
Ceilings consist of panels (rails) with a length up to 6 meters, and suspension system.The panels are made of steel or aluminum (thickness 0,3-0,6mm) and a lacquer coating.Panel width 50-200mm.They can be made of metal
Suspension system consists of a load-bearing profiles (stringers or otherwise, combs, beams), suspensions, and the plinth.Support section has the form of strips with grooves for mounting the panels.It made usually of galvanized steel or aluminum (thickness 0.6-0.7mm).Pendants come in spring or spoked (galvanized steel).Mouldings are used to fasten the panels along the wall and, moreover, hide their edges - is decorated appearance.There are U-shaped in the form of corners.
Note.In some cases (low ceiling) suspensions are not required.
types of suspended ceilings, a brief description
Ceilings are of two types (determined by the type of panels) - open and closed.
ceilings open type after assembly are the gaps between the rails, which are installed in special inserts.Multi-colored inserts show "direction" of the ceiling, they can provide separate areas.Same color panels and inserts emphasizes uniformity of the ceiling, making it solid.Inserts are 5-10 times already panels (optional).
Closed ceilings are not gaps between the panels to close the gaps, these panels have special tabs and inserts are required.Such ceilings continuous uniform appearance (unless you use colored panels).
Council.When choosing a rack suspended ceiling, pay attention to the multiplicity of the length of the wall parallel to the rail width, then you can avoid cutting the last rail installation.
There are many manufacturers and sellers of false ceilings.Offered them suspended ceilings may differ in appearance, the elements of design and installation methods, but only slightly, the basic principles are the same.Two of the most popular in the Russian manufacturer suspended ceilings - is the company's "Bard" and "Albes".Suspended ceilings "Bard" are five different options, including laminated, characterized by high strength and bright colors.In suspended ceilings "Albes" among a wide variety of design should be noted the so-called "designer" ceilings with curved form panels.Both companies produce and products with a complex profile rack ceiling - the curved, stacked, etc.
Mounting strip ceilings, tips and tricks
There is a standard way to build strip ceiling, which is possible even for beginners.Installation of complex shaped ceilings provide better professionals.
Preparing the working surface
Walls and ceilings should be smooth and clean.We need to determine what will take place in between the ceiling space cable channels, ventilation ducts, pipes, fire fighting equipment, etc.It depends on the distance between suspended ceilings and the main ceiling.It also depends on the type of fixtures - suspended or recessed.For suspended the minimum distance - you need to ensure that attachment to the liner overlap and several wires.Embedded require a certain space, the bulb - not less than 130mm, Halogen and LED - about 70mm.
special case - the low areas (no more than 2.6 meters).Here, the distance between the ceiling should be minimal.Stringer attached directly to the slab and leveled using shims.Lamps suspended type.If the room is narrow (less than 2 meters), you can not use a stringer, and put the panel directly at the wall corners (skirting boards).Apply best gated ceilings and several panels, depending on the length of the ceiling is rigidly attached to the strips overlap in the self-tapping screws.
For work you need the following tools:
- drill (hammer),
- tin snips,
- dowels and screws,
- shoemaker's knife.
marking where to begin
The layout should start from the wall with the flat surface.
At a distance of 300 mm from the wall parallel to the line of spend, which will be installed along the stringer.The same line of spend on the opposite wall.Evenly perform parallel lines for fixing the remaining stringers.The distance between them is not more than 1.2 m.
On these lines mark the attachment points of the suspension of the stringers.The distance from the wall outlets is not more than 400 mm, and between the suspension points - 1200 mm.
stringers perpendicular to the lines, at least 300 mm, draw a line mounting panels (slats).Apply orthogonal grid increments 0,5-1m.
Mark the location of the ceiling fixtures (crashed or suspended) and other additional elements of the interior, they must be between the stringers.
The walls mark the level of the ceiling from the floor, which will be installed ceiling moldings.Check the height of the ceiling on the level (on the horizon), or from the floor if it is horizontal.
Installation, step by step instructions
Step 1: Install the combs (stringers)
Remember that the axes of the stringers should be parallel.First set suspensions for markup.Suspensions are attached to the ceiling in two ways:
- self-tapping screws or dowels to podsverlovkoy.
- on the anchor, which is driven into the pre-drilled holes (6mm diameter, 40mm depth).
Pendants come in several forms:
- on adjustable heels (eg, suspension of "Alpha");
- on adjustable springs;
- onto the screws (for distances between the ceiling of not more than 200 mm).
reminder.Suspensions do not apply for low ceilings, and sometimes they simply do not need (no space between the ceiling).
Stringer set so that the first panel is mounted as a whole, while the latter are clipped to the width close to the wall that the gap does not exceed 3-5 mm (depending on the frequency of the distance between the walls and the width of the panels).
After all the stringers they must align in the same plane.This is done on the level or floor using the adjustable suspensions.To align the stringer, move the clip (for suspensions hairpin) or tighten the spring (for spring).Suspensions for samorezah regulated simply by screwing / unscrewing the screws.
Step 2: Go to install skirting (trim).Plinth - a decorative detail, he covers the joint between the wall and the panels.It is important to keep in mind: the baseboard must be installed perfectly straight, otherwise the edge would be bad to touch it.Mounted on a plinth with screws in increments of about 600mm.
Step 3: Install the panels.
Before installing the rails, ensure that in the space between the ceiling when all communications work - summed up the wires to the lamps, installed ventilation and other equipment.To install hanging lamps on the ceiling, you must install the appropriate mounting.
start the installation from the wall where there should Bat uncircumcised rack width, if the width of the panel is a multiple of the distance between the walls, you can start with any walls.In the event of stress parallel stringers check and, if necessary, their compliance with the same plane on the level.Each panel is cut to 3-5 mm less space in this place.
Before installing the panels, which set a lamp, it is necessary to make a hole for its mounting.Lamps for suspended ceilings are suspended and point (used more often).For pendant hole must have a diameter sufficient for the mounting fixtures, spotlights are mounted directly on the panel.A hole is cut with a knife or scissors.The slotted hole must be threaded wire made-up, so you do not have to dismantle the ceiling.
as recommended halogen spotlights or LED.Preference is, after all, should be given LED is more economical and durable.
Once all the panels and inserts (for open ceiling), a final check is carried out visually or by the level and the control rods.
How to calculate the necessary amount of material
for accurate calculation of the ceiling rack you will need to take measurements (length, width), these figures are multiplied by 2. The result is you will need to determine the length of the ceiling frame.After that you need to calculate the area of the ceiling and the area of rail, for the area you need to multiply the width by the length.Once you have made these calculations, you need to divide the ceiling area of the square rods.So we know how many strips required for the finishing of the ceiling, but it is possible to approximate the amount of reality.Everything was done the calculations we made on the condition that we will not waste this is why, to the result, it is necessary to add about 15%.