If you bought a very trendy tile for the bathroom or the bath, without quality adhesive end result may disappoint you.Modern retail outlets available in abundance adhesives domestic production and imports.However, their way is not very easy.Let's figure out how to glue ceramic tile adhesive.
- Properties adhesive composition
- adhesive for tiles
- Species tile adhesive
- Selection Criteria tile adhesive
- finished and dry mixes
- manufacturer of decorative tiles
When selecting staff for decorative tiles should be aware of its useful features.If the composition does not meet the above requirements, it is not necessary to buy in any case.Indeed, in such time no one gives a guarantee that the tiles will be kept and will not fall off quickly.So, pay attention to:
- plasticity.This should be moderate.If the composition of flows over the top, you will not be able to make the appropriate layer.The plasticity of the adhesive should not be changed, no matter whether you made it thick or thin.
- Increased spreadability.In the selection of adhesives for floor tiles, remember that it should have the ability when applied to fill all voids.In other tiles just disappear or be broken if it falls a thing with a large weight.
- high adhesion characteristics.Simply put - the adhesive material must hold any weight.Well, if the property is complemented by fast sticking to surfaces.When laying porcelain tiles with large dimensions will also be relevant.
- lack of quick-impact water.You should always be able to adjust the tiles that properly fastened during operation.It should be noted that the adhesive must dry slowly.So he gets the highest strength.
composition of the adhesive for tiles
Given the composition, adhesives for ceramic tiles are:
- Adhesives manufactured cement-based.Thanks to a tolerable price, the biggest popular adhesive, of which consists of cement and sand.Furthermore, in a small amount it contains polymeric additive.They increase the adhesive characteristics - its plasticity, water resistance, adhesion and deformation range with a facing surface of the tiles.All components are hypoallergenic.Sale glue dry consistency that at work is diluted with water to a viscous substance.
- dispersion adhesives.This composition is characterized by a high price, but it uses less almost doubled.He increased inherent properties of adhesion to the surface, so the composition is used for fixing the tiles on non-standard material: wood, plastic, metal surface, sheets of drywall, prone to bending and vertical surfaces and even on the slippery wall.There is no need to prime the sanded or foundation.Dispersion adhesives for ceramic tiles are sold ready for use.
- Epoxy adhesives.This material is a multicomponent, in the process before it is introduced stickers tiles catalyst which is packed in a separate container.However, before using the material, remember that it does not forgive mistakes and needs skill and thoroughness.If, for example, glue got on the finishing material, it should be removed immediately, because it hardens, becoming a very strong material.And it is almost impossible to eliminate.Epoxy adhesive is of excellent quality for use outdoors, in high humidity areas.It does not react to alkalis and solvents.
- Liquid Nails.This adhesive is relatively new.Typically, it contains synthetic rubber polymers.Liquid nails on neoprene basis characterized by high strength, that are toxic, in addition, it is inherent in a nasty smell.A friendly water-based glue is not suitable for use in the bathroom or the bath.After all, he does not have the moisture resistance.Thus, it is advisable to fix ceramic tiles on liquid nails only during restoration repair, or if the disappeared several mosaic fragments or small plitochek.
Species tile adhesive
According to international classifications, adhesive for ceramic tile is divided into the following groups:
- adhesive for interior work.This composition is the cheapest and is intended for mounting on the wall tiles domestic premises.This matter is small kinds of additives, which are responsible for improving its functional properties.However, the adhesive for ceramic tiles it is qualitatively standard tile sticks to concrete and brick base.The main thing - that the adhesive is not exposed to extremes of temperature and high humidity.
- Clay enhanced fixation.Such a structure has a high level of adhesion and durability.Since it can withstand significant tensile loads, it can be used with considerable dynamic loads, high temperature, for fixing the material to the old surface, such as a painted or other trim (provided that it is held firmly).Great when using stone and large-format tiles.
- Universal adhesive.The composition of the standard is so named because it is used by almost all tilers, when fixing the tiles outside the house and inside.However, this material developed for standard conditions.Operation where there are fluctuations in temperature, high humidity, or high loads are not suitable.In addition, it is not necessary to use it to glue the tiles with dimensions greater 30h30sm.
- adhesive tiles.It differs from other large percentage of plasticizer present.Therefore, when laying tiles on the floor solution is able to fill all the voids.But the wall is not suitable, otherwise the tile will float.In other parameters comparable to a standard adhesive.
- moisture repellent glue.This structure is essential for use in the bathroom, bath, wall tiles under the porch, fountain pool.This adhesive is increased with the addition of fixing a modifier, which is responsible for the hydrophobic properties.It is not cheap, so as an option when installing the tiles, you can use part of the increased fixation, and then wipe with a mixture of water-repellent seams.
- specialized formulations.For example, here also include a heat-resistant adhesive for ceramic tiles - for lining furnaces and fireplaces.White recommends to use when styling to be translucent tiles, and marble and mosaics.In addition, there are commercially available cold-resistant adhesives for outdoor balcony.
Selection Criteria tile adhesive
When selecting adhesive for tiling decorative tiles is recommended to take into account certain criteria.Global nuances there are only three.Let's look at them in detail:
- base.When selecting adhesive for decorative tiles, consider the properties of the composition to adhere to the specific material.For example, the dry cement mixture is not advisable to use for lining the floor of the RSD.Simple base - all solid, are not amenable to deformation.These include brick, concrete, screed with sand and cement, cellular concrete.Sophisticated - plastic, glass, metal and plasterboard already tiled surface, the base that is easily deformed and exposed to vibrations.When facing a small tile simple reason in a dry place worth buying glue adhesion factor which is about 0.2-0.5 MPa.Facing adhesion complex surfaces requires 1 MPa or more.
- Dimensions tiles.Remember, manufacturers claim that the larger the tile is, the more you should choose a stronger adhesive.Primarily, this rule applies to procedures cladding, although usually in this case, do not use a large tile.But when fixing tiles, and you can buy a universal part, because the material will hold good on it.
finished and dry mixes
When selecting adhesive for the tiles should know that preparations are made in dry form (sold in bags) and prepared (in buckets).What these substances differ from each other?All dry mixtures are cement-based, ready - polyurethane.This difference affects the final cost of the product - composition based on polyurethane will cost you more.
This dry mixture have significant advantages over the ready:
- dry composition allows to fix tiles on walls of any curvature.It can be used to align the walls without doing further plaster surface.But polyurethane adhesive for ceramic tiles requires perfectly flat walls or floor, but is perfect for lining mosaic.
- Price of the adhesive below.The difference is palpable when you buy the same volume of one and the other mixture.
- When analyzing the qualities of both compounds can be argued that both do an excellent job with their task.Polyurethane adhesive will keep almost forever, dry - no more than 50 years.But if you get tired of tiles laid on cementitious adhesive will take off faster because it is easier to dismantle the dry composition (for example, using a punch).But polyurethane can only be removed together with the base.
manufacturer of decorative tiles
demand for dry tile adhesive significantly so formed are many companies that are engaged in the production of such compositions.Consider the most famous:
- The adhesive - normal reinforced and accelerated fixation.The most popular brands: Polimin P-9, P-12, P-14, P-16, P-22;Siltek T-80, T-81 torque;adhesive for ceramic tiles Ceresit CM 11, CM 12, CM 17;Master Standard and Normal.
- hotmelt is meant for stoves and fireplaces (-300 + 1600 degrees): Master Flex, Polimin P-11, Siltek T-84.
- Clay for open balconies and terraces, pools, fountains, steps, floors, water heating and for mounting in areas with exposure to moisture: Polimin P-24, P-25;Ceresit CM 17, Siltek T-84.
- Clay Express, which serves for a quick fix: Polimin P-16, Ceresit CM 14.
- adhesive for mosaic tiles bright color and made of marble: Master Crystal, Ceresit CM 115, Siltek T-82, Polimin n-23.
- Glue for stone, whether artificial or natural material: Tightening elastic;Master Stounfiks;Ceresit CM 117;Polimin P-14, P-22;Siltek T-81.
Whatever happens, and you just have to select the best adhesive for ceramic tile, because it affects the quality of gluing tiles, durability of the finish.If you plan to work with the universal glue, do not rush, and think through everything in more detail, so as it has limits.Especially - in which the room is work which features a base.