You started a repair and want to completely change your bathroom?The best option for such a transformation - tiles .There are many kinds of tiles, a huge selection of colors, shapes, in a hardware store, you can pick up a whole ensemble of individual tiles with a beautiful pattern for inserting and ordinary tiles to match this figure.In this ensemble must necessarily integrate harmoniously and ceramic moldings and floor tiles.
Our task - to tell you the stages of work, to identify the tools, materials and give some guidance so that the repair in the bathroom tiles and follow-up care for her would not have been an insoluble problem for you.All out!
- Materials and tools
- Preparing for repair in the bath and tiling
- Repair of bathroom and tiling on the walls
- Repair of bathroom and tiling on the floor
- Nuances care of a tileBathroom
Materials and tools
When preparing to repair the bathroom should take into account all
Tiles calculated by square tubs, plus necessarily takes stock of approximately 5% of the total, because when there is a renovated bathroom tile tends to split and fight at the wrong time, even in the hands of an experienced master.
tile has a low electrical conductivity, which is very important in a humid room.In addition, it is constantly under the influence of acids and bases of the means of cleaning and similar properties should be considered before repair tiles in the bathroom started.
For walls usually take tiles that can be preobresti here and on the floor is preferable granite .This material is advantageous to the present granite in many respects:
- has no radiation exposure;
- resistant to mechanical and chemical stress (abrasion, cleaning products).
Tile adhesive or mortar with additives should be chosen packing tiles - what kind of mark needed for reliability and excellent work for the benefit of the bathroom the whole family.
Tile can not buy, and rent from professional builders involved in finishing the apartments constantly, not to get expensive.Without it, the work will fall - not in our apartments flat square poverhnostey.I curling tiles - a good acquisition for DIY.
tile grout joints is different in composition and application.Small plitochki on the wall give the small joints because the grout between them should not be composed of sand, but the addition of a solution of latex in the proportion that indicated on the package, very useful.Tiles of large volume, respectively, and giving a grout joints, especially on the floor because it includes sand valid.
drill with paddle for mixing tile adhesives, drilling holes in the tile for mounting accessories in the bathroom can be the most common, is not a professional, and therefore available to the master host.
notched trowel glue need more than one.To him the collection - a narrow smooth trowel and rubber trowel for grouting.
Preparing to repair the bathroom and tiling
first point of preparation for repairs in the bathroom - the establishment of the exact size and planning, as well as an exemplary tiled pattern on the walls and on the floor.Some like monochrome bathroom design, while others prefer a rich finish tiles with gilded pattern, elegant pattern accents and beautiful profiles for walls along the bath.
Measure each wall separately, define the area and then calculate the floor area.Pre-visit the store plumbing or construction base, you can determine the size and tiles.In the vast sea of options, it is important to remember that the smaller the room, the smaller should be the area of one tile.
During the acquisition of all the details of the future of tile pattern be sure to examine the label on the packaging of each individual tile, comparing the numbers and letters - a slight mismatch tones will be immediately noticeable on the wall and on the floor.
destruction of the old finish
There is an option overlay the new tiles on the old, if she still clings to his seat, but the repair started to freshen the interior.However, this rarely happens.As a general rule, it should destroy the old tiles and glue, which she held before there will be new.
If the tiles for the bathroom renovation in which you want to make, will be laid not in the apartment high-rises, and in a country house, wood, such as walls and floors should be paste over the first cement slab.Often it is of standard size (often 90 cm x 150 cm x 1.2 cm) and glued with a special adhesive, mastic or mortar of portland cement.Expensive, but reliable, no problems with damp and fungus.
purified from the remnants of the old adhesive and concrete wall we will gruntuem, plasterers, alignment.
Repair of bathroom and tiling on the walls
bathroom floor is rarely perfectly flat, tile bathroom renovation in which we are going to do, can "float" on the wall as a result of all the workwill be worthless.To avoid this, we begin to put the tiles on the wall from the second row from the floor.
can with a long line, rail, plumb draw a horizontal line exactly as it will lay the tiles on the wall.Old Masters rail is simply attached to the wall with two screws and a drill.In this case, the tiles will fall perfectly, not be able to move down one millimeter, and its flat side by side in a row and provide plastic crosses.
Before applying adhesive to the tile, check mark is its location on the wall.If the last item will be very narrow, less than three centimeters, the sawn exactly will come of it, even in the pros - chipping, cracking and marriage work.In this case, begin to spread from the middle to the corners of the wall and be sure to mark where the tiles will be the last in the series.
As an option - the separation wall in the small squares with the help of the same plumb line, spirit level, line and filling these squares (6 x 6 tiles for example).Pros - You can stop at any time after filling the site easier to calculate the amount of adhesive or grout, tile which will be held immediately possible to correct the work, if the width of the seam will not quite the same in the whole group.Correct later the wall will be much more difficult.
Since the tiles for bathroom remodeling and determines careful approach to the quality of the glue for her or a cement mixture.
Tile adhesive applied to the wall evenly with a notched trowel, spread the adhesive that allows material evenly, without gaps and surpluses.This spatula should be slightly sloping.Since the renovation of the bathroom tiling makes the greatest reservoir difficulties, it is better to throw away used spatulas, where the teeth are not perfectly smooth gear is applied a layer of glue rather than later dropped out to try to restore a number plitochki.
Each instance of ceramic tiles gently applied to the wall tightly, but without fanaticism.In order not to squeeze out all the adhesive and prevent a void, because of which the tiles can fall in the first year of operation.
Excess glue that will still perform, should be immediately removed.To do this, a good idea to keep a close with a sponge and a bucket of old spatula (useful and pointed wooden stick), it is necessary to use as needed.Clay, who grabbed, clean off without any consequences in the form of scratches on svezhevylozhennoy tile will be almost impossible.
If you need to cut the tiles exactly enjoy Tile (kafelerez some shops instruments - the same).If you go around the pipe, the battery, you can pinch off a small piece from the flat surface of the tile special tongs for a tile, slowly rounding the cut line.Edges trimmed sandpaper with a large grain.
last layer is laid on the wall, but the repair of the tile in the bathroom is not finished yet.Clay give dry day, and then use the grouting.And if we stuck the tiles in stages overwritten joints usually a time.
process of applying grout into the joint at the same time simple and tedious.A layer of semi-liquid material fills the gaps between the tiles as tight as possible.Top spend a rubber trowel at an angle, so that more fell into the grout joint.Dries all this time faster, and by the evening you can gently wash the tiles from the effects of the repair damp (but not wet!) With a clean sponge and wipe smooth rag.The sponge also held at an angle, but to tile the seams - not to wash the grout - it ensures the absence of mold, mildew and other damp in the bathroom.
some time after the repair is not necessary to use the shower, tile to dry.If you want to protect yourself from all sorts of trouble with walls for a long time, it is three weeks to put sealant on the seams.Also, carefully handle and joints bath and walls, bathtubs and floors, walls, floors and pipes.
Repair of bathroom and tiling on the floor
Repair floor and tiling in the bathroom also require some skill and a great effort.Better than the old plumbing to make the bath and replace the pipe.If such grandiose changes in your task is not simply prikroem bath while sticking tiles.Paul, too, requires serious preparation for repair.It should be aligned to make a screed or create a self-leveling floor.Only a perfectly flat surface to correctly lay the tiles, no platelets which pops up from under the feet for a long time.
granite tiles on the floor is preferable, since it is more durable.First, we expand across the surface of the tile floor in the number and value of the remaining distance.Depending on he put the tile on the corner or in the middle, pre-mark the surface.
When placing the tiles on the floor all the time to compare it to the one on the wall - the seams must be symmetrical, so as not to disturb the geometry of the bathroom.
In just posited a tile can not advance because it is always put on the far corner of the door.
Grouting tile and cleaning of the floor are the same as for wall tiles.
nuances of caring for tiles for bathrooms
If accidentally fallen off a plitochki, it is necessary to immediately put it back, gently stripping the base plate and glue in place.If you do not immediately adjacent tiles will depart from the wall or the floor very quickly.
smooth shiny tile is easier to clean matte or embossed, "wood", for example.Matt durable in terms of abrasion.Relief tiles, reminiscent of other building materials for finishing requires frequent scrubbing and washing, is more expensive, but looks certainly better than other types of tiles.
Renovated remaining adhesive on the tile destroyed with acetone or gasoline.Cement, if the solution has been made of this material lends itself to washing soft spongiole with precision affecting the joints, then needed treatment cleaners containing acid.
very hard water leaves stains on the tile, because if it is dark, the water should be wiped dry each time.
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