One of the most vulnerable places in the home where most likely to occur heat losses are the windows.Of course, at this point to provide an ideal heat and noise insulation is not possible, but to reduce the noise and heat loss to a minimum under the force of each.The fact is that the cause of increased noise and heat losses are cracks in the windows.This concerns not only the old wooden windows, but also more modern metal-plastic.On how and what to cover cracks in the windows, we discuss in this article.
- Causes of cracks in the windows
- first reason: crooked wall mounting
- Reason Two: wear seal
- Reason Three: wear frames and accessories
- How to seal the cracks in the windows
- How to remove the gap between the frameand the wall
- How to remove the gap between the frame and sash
- The surest way to eliminate gaps in the windows
Causes of cracks in the windows
As one wise man, it is better to eliminate the cause of the disease th
first reason: crooked wall mounting
It's no secret that the level of professionalism of the master depends on how durable and reliable is this or that structure.That's the same with windows.Errors during installation of windows leads to the fact that out of the window blowing, and the noise from the street does not sleep.
Check the quality of work is almost impossible.To do this, you must have some knowledge.But to do something is still possible.Just need to check how well sealed all the cracks between the window frame and the opening.You can do this with a simple cigarette lighter by bringing the flame to her joints.You should also pay attention to the outside of the window.Designated fit the frame to the opening should also be securely zakonopacheny or blow out with foam and the surface is painted or proshpaklevat.Same thing on the inside.
Reason Two: wear seal
Unfortunately, the eternal building materials does not exist yet, and during operation there cracks in the windows.In conjunction with the mounting errors during their operation only decrease.
problematic are all the same places fit window box to the opening.If for some reason it has not been painted or plastered sealing materials, then under the influence of temperature changes, UV, wind and rain, they wear out quickly.Polyurethane foam, even one that is intended for external works, iskrashivaetsya gradually exposing the gaps between the window and the wall.Foam or other sealant shrinks, crumbles and is blown, thereby increasing the gap.To extend the life of the seal, rather every two or three years to inspect and maintain the integrity of the protective layer.Do it best in spring, when it is warm and there is no rain.
Reason Three: wear frames and accessories
As well as sealing, window frames and fittings are of the resource.Eventually, flaps begin bad fit to the frame, whereby gaps arise.This is especially true of wooden windows.A typical problem is the desiccation of wooden frames timber, which leads to the appearance of cracks.And here at plastic windows often fails rubber seal on the doors.
avoid wear impossible, but extend the life real.Suffice it to carry out the regular season inspection and maintenance windows.This is primarily a painting of wooden windows, adjustable fittings, not to hang out.
How to seal the cracks in the windows
Despite the fact that today the majority of metal-plastic windows, their owners after a certain time, faced with gaps in these cutting-edge and reliable windows.With regard to wooden windows, the gap - their inevitable companions.For information on how you can get rid of the slots will be discussed below.
How to remove the gap between the frame and the wall
If the installation wizard did not cause the protective layer on zapenennuyu areas, the foam will collapse with time, and inevitably there will be gaps.The gap between the window and the wall, window and window sill is quite common in such cases.
To eliminate them need :
- narrow spatula;
- long screwdriver;
- mounting sealant gun;
- rags or common cloth;
- paper or plastic film;
Of Materials required:
- white spirit;
- frost acrylic sealant can also be used for roofing sealant rubber-bitumen or polyurethane.
Important!In no case can not use silicone sealant.Under the influence of temperature, he slips up and becomes unusable, thereby exposing zapenennuyu gap.
Pick up everything you need to begin work.Begins with the preparation, namely eliminate the old foam.To do this, do the following:
- unscrew 2 - 3 screw on the low tide, if any.
- Getting clean trough and the wildcard profile.Take a screwdriver and picked out an old brown foam.It's pretty easy to crumble, and the remains blown.
- All the same screwdriver we clean the foam in the joints of the walls and window profile.To be safe, you can walk with a brush to remove its remnants.
Important!At this stage we need another person for secure, so you do not accidentally fell out of the window.
finished preparation, proceed directly to the sealing of cracks.To do this, you must do the following:
- Take the bottle with foam, and it blows out all the joints and cracks.For the treatment of hard-to-narrow slits the nose, you can flatten the feed tube.
- Without waiting for the complete drying of the foam anchoring tide.
- reserve the foam to dry for 24 hours.
- With normal office knife cut off the excess foam.
- Take the sealant bottle and cut off his nose at an angle to make it easier to fill in their joints at different angles.
- gradually squeezing sealant, we put it on top of the foam;
Important!At this stage we need another person for secure, so you do not accidentally fell out of the window.Surplus sealant on the lip removed with a cloth soaked in white spirit.The same can be removed with a cloth remnants of sealant from the frame.
- With narrow spatula flatten the sealant flush from the window to the street and leave to dry.
- After drying, the sealant should be to paint ordinary alkyd paint to protect from external influences.
Particular attention should be given to areas under shade.Here, the most uncomfortable place, so you need a certain skill.But if done correctly, the gap between the window and the sill will be eliminated once and for all.
How to remove the gap between the frame and sash
previously noted that the cracks in the plastic windows can also appear due to wear rubber seal.Eliminating these gaps is quite simple - you need to get a new gasket and do the following:
- Carefully remove the old seal from the groove in the window frame.It is advisable to wipe
- slots and clean them from dust and dirt as possible.
- Then take a new seal and with a special tool or a small wooden blades Refill it into the slot.
Important!To prolong the life of the seal it must be once a year to handle special silicone spray to protect against drying out.
described method is suitable if you have decided to eliminate the gap in wooden boxes.But it should be noted the following.
- Firstly, during the preparation of wooden windows checked for damaged or rotten glazing beads.If they exist, they should be replaced.
- Second, the seal between the frame and sash can be used rubber, and foam and can be.But unlike plastic windows seal simply glued to the frame.
- Third, between frames as a sealant foam can be secured, not glued.
The surest way to get rid of the cracks in the windows
Sealing cracks and seal protection against wear solve only part of the problem.Like it or not, but from time to time have to update the protective layer.To avoid all this fuss, it is necessary to create a reliable defense.It will have to make the external slopes.
from the materials required :
- plastic U-profiles of 8 mm;
- plastic panels;
- white spirit;
- three wooden struts to the full height of the window opening, and three by its width.
of the tools required:
- mounting sealant gun;
- jigsaw or hacksaw;
- tape measure, ruler and marker.
All work on the creation of external slopes are as follows:
- We clean the walls of dirt and construction paints.
- Making measurements 3 slopes.First, remove the size of the top of the slope, then the side.
Important!Each slope is a trapezoid, so be careful when removing the measurements.
- future Mark up the slopes on plastic panels and carefully cut them to size.
- For vertical panels on each side put on a U-shaped profile.Only the upper panel U-shaped profile is worn only at outer and inner sides, and lateral left blank.
- Assembly start with the top of the slope.To do this, we put foam on a zigzag rough side.
- sets the upper slope in place and the plant under it struts.Two spacers set at the edges, and one in the middle.
Important!To avoid damaging the plastic surface, a spacer can put the pieces of foam or cloth.Install the side slopes should be after quite dry foam on the upper slope and you can remove the spacers.
- Take vertical slopes, causes a zigzag assembly foam and set them into place.Install spacers.
- After drying foam proceed to seal the outer part of the slope.To do this, apply the sealant, flatten it.Give dry alkyd paint and stain.
Important!When working on the creation of slopes can be accidentally stain panel sealant or assembly foam.Therefore, to eliminate the use of flaws cloth dampened with mineral spirits.
Creating external slopes - it is a little more troublesome than simply sealing cracks.But as a result you will get far more reliable protection for many years.In addition, it is better to get rid of in this way from the cracks in the windows, than they repaired something like a simple assembly foam without a protective layer.Finally, we note that how you will care when performing work depends on the reliability of protecting the interior from drafts and dampness.