Warming garage - a kind of guarantee of a long life of your machine.Abrupt changes in temperature give rise to condensation, which violates the corrosion protection of metal, thus causing considerable damage to the vehicle.To achieve optimal performance, you should only perform the insulation of the garage and take care of its heating.Today we talk about the materials and insulation options garage and how to insulate garage with his hands.
- The need for insulation of walls garage
- materials for thermal insulation of the walls of the garage
- Mineral wool Glass wool
- Reflective insulation
- «warm» plaster
- Insulation paint
- Warming garagewalls outside
- Wall insulation from inside the garage
- garage doors garage roof insulation
Necessity insulating walls garage
garage walls, tend to make relatively thin: using cinder block - about 200 millimeters, to brick walls - 250millimeters, and sometimes 120 m
question the need of warming the garage is not negotiable.However, there is no need to overdo it.Many car owners believe that winter in the shelter for a car should maintain the temperature at a level close to twenty degrees above zero, because it is made to comply with such indicators in homes.However, that will be comfortable for the driver, the state of the machine may be affected adversely.
Remember that a high temperature for the iron units is not useful!The car, getting in from the cold to heat, quickly covered with condensation, and like moisture will gradually lead to the destruction of the body of the machine and rust.So thoughtless insulation garage not only will not benefit the car, but only great harm.
necessary to insulate the room so that the machine is kept at positive temperatures, and thus the difference in temperature in the garage and the windows were minimal.The optimum atmosphere for the preservation of the machine is considered to be plus five degrees.This temperature is a comfortable car.And if the driver's cold, you can sometimes use the heater.
planning wall insulation in the garage, and motorists committing another mistake.They sealed all holes without exception, are able to seep through the cold air.Often, under such insulation and sealed vents, which absolutely can not overlap.
Indoor garage will constantly accumulate combustion engine fuel.Carbon gases are dangerous to humans.It is therefore important to provide ventilation hood or to harmful compounds could leave the room.Without ventilation and you can not get rid of excess moisture.And in the winter on the bottom and the wheels of the car accumulates a lot of ice and snow are melting rapidly.
Another important indicator is the thermal inertia, which determines the rate at which changes over time, the surface temperature of the structure.Warming is desirable to equip the garage so that the thermal inertia of the building envelope was increased from the outside in, and the thermal conductivity of thermal insulation materials that make up this structure, on the contrary decreased.Insulation under such a scheme "will not allow" hiding inside the cold air in the winter, and in summer - the heat.
garage walls with insulation the question arises - to insulate the inside or outside.Many people initially respond to you that you need to fix insulation material on the outside, because inside it takes a certain space.However, the choice should not be limited to one space.There are several arguments speaking in favor of the external insulation.
is always a risk of freezing of the walls in the winter time when the internal insulation.Whichever way you go buy a heater, it is still in the room will give off noxious fumes.Therefore it is better to fix the insulation from the outside.Well, if you decide to make insulation of the basement and the garage from the inside, then do not buy cheap thermal insulation materials and essential to install a good forced ventilation.
materials for thermal insulation of the walls of the garage
thermal insulation materials on the market are a lot of options that are suitable for thermal insulation of the garage - from traditional and well-known to all and ending with ultra-modern.Let's look at the main ones.
Mineral wool mineral wool helps
qualitatively insulate the walls of the garage, without disrupting the natural "breathing" indoors.For external insulation of mineral wool made use of hard mats, which have a density of 200-240 kilograms per cubic meter, and internal insulation - soft and semi-rigid mats density close to 120-180 kilograms per cubic meter.
The best considered basaltic mineral wool, which shows record levels of thermal conductivity and sound absorption.However, remember that for mineral wool insulation inside the thermal insulation material a vapor barrier should be protected to the insulation of the environment did not get moisture and subsequently lost their abilities.
Glass wool Glass wool
costs less than mineral wool, about 20-25%.However, it is necessary to work only in special gloves, because the fibers are very caustic and harsh, and can injure your hands and eyes.In addition, if the material during installation is exposed to water, you can safely throw it, because it will not turn dry already.
fibers after wetting become heavy and crumpled, losing all its insulating qualities and are constantly releasing an unpleasant odor.Therefore Insulating glass pie will have to completely isolate the foil or film.
This polymer insulator is a popular insulating material, which is used for insulation of the garage with his hands, as convenient and easy to install, has a lightweight, easy to work with an ordinary hacksaw, not afraid of water, does not rot and is available at a price.The most popular type is the foam polystyrene because it steam and waterproof, and the term of its useful life up to 40 years.
However, there are foam and its drawbacks - it is unable to pass air and is considered a combustible material, it is recommended to choose a self-extinguishing PSB-S, which goes out after neutralizing the source of fire within 4 seconds.And no matter that he was not afraid of any chemicals or water, he still afraid of the sun - foam under its influence yellow and crumble.
Reflective insulation Reflective insulation
is the latest development in an environment conservation.It is produced in the form of web material that is coated on one side with a layer of polyurethane foam, and on the other - a polished foil.This type of insulation is recognized as the best solution for the internal insulation of the garage from the position of saving living space.The thickness of the insulation is minimal - 2-5 millimeters.
It also lets you create a facing layer, as opposed to using conventional thermal insulation materials, the minimum thickness of 50 millimeters.With the addition of internal cladding and decorative layers is incident to the total scrip minus 10-15 centimeters.However, you disappoint that ultra-thin reflective insulation acts as a "mirror" to reflect infrared heat.It is ineffective when convection and induction, which are the main culprits of the greatest heat loss.
«warm» plaster stucco
This unusual structure, which currently contains special fillers, such as expanded vermiculite, sawdust and "balls" of expanded polystyrene, which gives it insulating properties.However, to get really serious warm effect should be applied to the wall of the garage is very thick and heavy layer of plaster, so it should be combined with other types of insulation, as shown in the photo garage insulation.
But car owners who appreciate not only comfort, but also an attractive appearance, suitable liquid thermal insulation made of acrylic polymers with addition of synthetic rubber and organic pigments.In view of the substance resembles an ordinary paint, which is characterized by amazing insulating properties: a layer of heat-insulating paint of 1 millimeter to 50 millimeters replaces mineral wool.
Insulating paints exhibit good adhesion to metal, plastic and wood.Therefore, warm colors are considered to be the ideal solution for thermal insulation of timber garage because heat insulator capable of generating a vapor permeable coating and allows the wall to "breathe", excluding the over-wetting the inside of the structure and to protect the garage from the damaging effects of moisture.Technology application of the insulator is simplified.
Warming garage wall outside
Let's start with the insulation of the garage walls.For insulation brick walls excellent ratio price / quality foam.The only places where it is possible to a high temperature (heating equipment or furnace), instead of the low-melting plastic material should be used mineral wool.
For external wall insulation foam garage you can avoid contact of the difference in temperature in winter, leading to the emergence of moisture at the interface with the surface of the insulation.Therefore, to eliminate the effect of the walls with insulation foam need to equip the room forced ventilation, ensuring its continuous operation.
To get started is to prepare the surface for mounting foam.Walls should be pre-cleaned of dirt, old plaster, oil stains and dust, and deep cracks and chipped paint over plaster.To insulation of the garage in the future has not brought any problems, the foundation must be solid and clean.The surface of the walls is also desirable to be primed to improve adhesion of the glue.
For warming shelter is recommended to use a foam that has a 25th strength and thickness of 5 cm.The solution can be applied to the sheet by the "blots", then firmly pressed against the wall.However, spot-on from the work requires a certain skill.Therefore, you should use the "slab" method of applying glue to prevent the occurrence of the smallest gaps between the surface and a stove.In this case, the solution is applied onto the foam with a notched trowel.
foam sheet with insulation brick garage should be laid staggered, carefully pressing them together.Wall covering sheet foam upward.It is necessary to lay the first row of the home bar, attached to the surface of the dowels.After drying glue each element of masonry made further consolidate the three plastic plugs.
foam by its nature is characterized by low strength.A structure of heaters that are made on the basis of various kinds of fibers, making them susceptible to the same water saturation, which greatly reduces the thermal insulation properties insulation material.All of this requires the creation of an additional thermal protection "armor."
Protection insulation appropriate to make with the help of plaster reinforced with fiberglass mesh for strength.To install the mesh cloth surface must be covered with foam adhesive 3-5 millimeters.After that mesh pressed into strips and overlapping adhesive and covered completely with glue.In order to apply plastering decorative plaster facade.
The surface of the soil for the "conservation" of the porous surface and coated in several layers of façade paint.For external protection is also suitable siding, and other cladding materials - moisture DSP and GCR, gypsum sheets, various plastics.If you have preferred sheet materials, remember that they need to perform fastening using the framework.
Wall insulation from inside the garage
Wall insulation from inside the garage is rarely used, but if you choose this method of thermal insulation of walls, then it should be carried out in this order.In the first step should be to prepare the surface, clearing the wall.With drywall need to make false partition in her cage, and you'll put the heat insulator.
To create such a framework to apply the standard guides UD and CD profiles of scaffoldings.Racks UD attach anchors to the ceiling and the floor with a pitch of 25-30 centimeters.Then set the CD profiles every 60 cm with special suspension, which are mounted in the wall in steps of 30 centimeters, which will need to attach the drywall - the latter facing layer.
You can also use the garage for wall cladding not only drywall, but asbestovolokno.The latter option is preferable, since such lists have increased fire resistance, compared with plasterboard.However asbestovolokno more fragile, so you need to take a step in the frame frequently.The gaps between the wall and the lining overfill the selected heater.
usually for internal insulation of the walls of the garage using cotton insulation, since the foam will be more hassle.In the middle of the walls to insert mineral or glass wool, attaching it to the surface with special gakami.Then, on top of the profiles necessary to lay a vapor barrier.It is better to take a membrane, which should be laid to butt ticipation insulation.
From the outside, we recommend the "box" of the garage plastered "warm" plaster or paint-covered insulator.Since the dew point, you can move to the outside of the walls that protect them from moisture and freezing the future.Also, it is imperative to equip forced ventilation, designed for intense level of ventilation.
effective method of warming the iron garage from the inside is the application of liquid insulation - polyurethane foam or liquid paint-heaters.For example, you can buy izolat, paint thermos and others.Liquid foam is a foam-like substance, which is produced directly on the construction site through the use of special equipment - foam generators.Such foam when applied to a wall of the garage is converted into a solid cake, which has excellent adhesion.
easiest and most inexpensive way of warming the iron garage wall mount plate is considered foam adhesive.The key is to thoroughly clean and degrease the metal surface, the sheets stuck insulating material and held securely.The slots that remained between the sheets carefully with foam blown.The surface of the insulation can then be painted.However, remember that these materials are highly flammable and fire in the air produce a lot of toxic substances.
garage doors garage walls with insulation note on the gate, because they are big, and through them, the shelter loses a lot of heat.If the gate is not warm, heated garage will be difficult.To get started is to do one small flap door, every time not to open the huge gates.Near the gate you can hang a curtain of plastic or thick fabric, which is able to retain some of the heat in the room.
better for it to take a clear plastic, the driver can at the exit from the garage to see where he was going.We recommend using a thick (minimum 0.8 mm) plastic film.Cut strips of material such length that they are for fixing on doorways inside did not reach a centimeter to the floor.The width of the strips should be close to 20-30 centimeters.
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