security and inaccessibility of any home depends on many factors, and the availability of robust and reliable front door of one of the main.Among the different types of doors are most durable metal doors, which are also distinguished by great weight and high cost.The installation of doors - quite a complex matter, which is impossible to handle alone, so before setting the iron door, invite two or three teammates that will help in this matter.
- doorway measurements and the choice of door
- Removing the old door
- Installing door
- Installation boxes in the doorway
- Attaching the door leaf and installation of the lock
- How to install an iron door: video review
Before you install the correct iron door, it is necessary to hold a series of preparatory work.Namely, to make measurements of the doorway, order custom-made doors or buy ready-made door made according to measurements, as well as dismantling the old
doorway measurements and the choice of door
This stage the most simple and easy.To measure the doorway need a tape measure and a notebook, which is listed door dimensions.Primarily are measuring the height of the finished floor to the top of the doorway, then be determined by the width of the wall to the inside wall of the doorway.Now, we are measuring the depth of the doorway, which is equal to the thickness of the wall.On the basis of these data will have to choose the right door.
Pay attention to some very important points.Firstly, choosing new doors, be aware that the gap between the doorway and the box should be 25 - 35 mm, so these will have to slightly reduce the size.Secondly, if still installed the old door frames have to dismantle and carefully inspect the doorway.This option is possible that the geometry of the opening is broken.In this case, will have to retake the size and select the lowest value for the height and width.Third, doorways and doors are standardized, so when buying a new door can be considered its size, and you will be offered a ready-made doors.But, if you decide to do the door to order, then provide opportunities for professional gager remove all dimensions, it will help to avoid many mistakes and unnecessary wastage.
removing all sizes, it is possible to acquire new iron doors and wait until you make them to order.Here already all depends on the preferences and wishes.The only thing that should be noted, be careful when buying in a store.Today the market offers a lot of iron doors in China, which are positioned by our vendors as armored doors.But these doors can be easy to open a conventional can opener.About how it can be done easily, shown in the video:
Dismantling of old door
After the acquisition and delivery of a new front door can begin to dismantle the old one.This will require a crowbar and Bulgarian.
First remove the old door leaf.To do this, open the door leaf completely and lifting it with a crowbar and remove the hinges.If the fabric is hanging on one-piece hinges, then just unscrew them from the box.Then remove the old trim and gain access to the doorway and securing the door frame.Now you can begin to dismantle most of the door frame, in comparison with the removal of the door leaf will be much harder.
Important!There are two main points in the dismantling of the door frame.Firstly, vertical studs of the box can be mounted to the doorway by means of nails, anchors, bolts, screws and others.And before you start dismantling have to remove them.Second, if the iron door, then the box can be welded to a metal rod or plate, walled in the doorway.And to disconnect them, you have to use Bulgarian.
dealt with the mount, take up the crowbar, we start it between the doorway and a box, and then, using a crowbar as a lever, tear away from the place of the old box.If the box is iron, it can take two crowbar and assistance partner to undermine and push it.If the door frame made of wood, then all the more easier.You can just make an effort to snatch the box.And it is possible to file in several places the rack box and then with minimal effort to dismantle them.
Now that the opening is completely freed from the door frame, take the hands of a hammer and a handful of speakers bring down the old plaster, mortar, filler and paint.It is necessary that the doorway was cleared of anything that might interfere with a new box set in place.
Now that the old door dismantled and the doorway is cleared of all superfluous, you can start assembling the new iron door.But before you install outside the iron door into place, it is necessary to determine the method of attachment.There are the following ways of fixing the door frame in the doorway:
first - via embedded in the wall rods or plates.This is the most common method of attachment.Sami doors are flush with the doorway, and the metal plates or rods are mounted on the inside, the door frame is welded thereto.
second - door frame is secured through the holes in the racks of the box with anchor bolts or steel rods.Usually the door frame, which is fixed in such a way holes are provided, but if not available, then you can drill them yourself.Then, through them zasverlivayutsya mounting holes.As the fasteners may be used as anchor bolts and steel rods.The latter can either saw off or welded to the web of the box.
Important!The second method of fixation is used only when the door is recessed into the box opening, the depth of which is more than 150 mm.
third method is a combination of the first two.
Set box in a doorway
decide on the method of fastening, begin installation.
The first box set, which consists of a metal frame and weighs quite a lot.So bring it into opening better together.
Once brought inside the box, it must be secured with a wooden or metal wedges.Drives a wedge to 2 pcs.top, bottom and sides.Here the main thing - to preserve the technological gap between the opening and the frame.
As soon as the door frame is fixed, it can be aligned in the vertical and horizontal plane.You will need level.We start with the vertical.We put the level from the front door in the middle of the rack, and if necessary to tamp wedges to box led us in the right direction.Vertical check on each of the two legs.Now we align the box horizontally.The procedure is identical to that described above, the only difference is in the plane of alignment.
align and Rusper box wedges, proceed to its final fixation.With the gun at fixing zasverlivayutsya 3 holes on each side Wizard.As mentioned earlier, this may be the anchors of 15 mm diameter steel rods or rebar of 15 mm in diameter and a length of 100 - 150 mm.
zasverlennye In trying to drive a fastener hole and once again check the vertical and the horizon of the box.This must be done for the reason that during drilling it may slightly moved.If everything is OK, fasten the box completely.
twirl anchor bolts with a wrench, but the reinforcing rods and steel plates can be mounted using a welding machine.
Important!And metal rods to drive wedges best small five-kilogram hammer.
Before box to weld steel rods or plates, they must cut the grinder so as to remove the excess, but the rods or plates themselves were a bit on top of the door frame.
Attaching the door leaf and installation of the lock
After welding cool place, you can start hanging the door leaf.LEAF goes very heavy, so to set it in place must be doubled or even tripled.
But first it must be lubricated hinges.The process of hanging the paintings is quite simple.Two lifts the door and fed it to the box so that the loops on the canvas and on the box match.Third, if necessary, directs the web to complete coincidence loops.Once managed to combine holes and pins hinges door leaf gradually lowered and watch, that it is completely a village on the loop.
finished with this, you can set the lock in the iron door and proceed to the pilot drilling holes in a box under lock locking deadbolts.This will require a drill and two nozzles required diameter: crowns and grinding nozzle holes.Of course, these openings may be ready, but if for some reason they have not already, can all be done during installation of the door.To do this, after setting in place the lock closures put forward crossbars and put on them, for example, paint, and then returns to its original position and firmly close the door.Now, we try to close the lock.As a result, the paint mark a place in the hole.It remains only to Drill the holes and edges sanded.
obtain from glass wool hole.
setting the box and hung door leaf, close up the gap between the doorway and a box.For these purposes, you can use the mounting foam, or may cement-sand mortar.There are already as you wish.More than a simple and fast way - blow with foam.To avoid accidentally stain new doors with foam, the edge of the box sizing masking tape, but for better adhesion of the foam walls can be a little water to moisten.
for foaming the entire perimeter of the door will be only one cylinder of foam.A day foam is completely dry and Light cure.Speakers pieces of foam is easy to cut with a knife, then you can start plastering the slopes, install transoms and other finishing work.
Despite the seeming simplicity of installation of iron doors - a very difficult task, requiring ownership of the masters of fine tool and experience performing similar work.If you decide for the first time to install the door yourself, try to find a mentor who will guide the progress of work and be able to help in case of an error.Otherwise, better to consult an expert.
How to install an iron door: video review