Turkish bath valued at all times their weight in gold for its unique healing properties.They serve to cleanse the body and help treat health now.Healing effect of the hamam for himself open more and more people of all ages.Construction and Turkish bath keeps a special system of rites and traditions, which take over the people all over the world.Build new Turkish baths in large metropolitan areas and small town around the globe.Not one builder of our country has already acquired considerable experience in the construction Turkish baths with their own hands.
- History Turkish baths
- ceremony Turkish bath
- Turkish bath Turkish bath Building
- Draft Turkish bath
- Accommodation Turkish bath
- materials for the construction of a Turkish bath
- climate and lighting
- functional unit
- Heating Turkish bath
History Turkish baths
Despite the fact that the Turkish bath called hammam, steam room invented this really is not
first mention of the Turkish culture still recorded 800 years ago.Hammam takes its origins in Istanbul and Central Anatolia, where they still are the most colorful bath and best reflects the history of the East.The huge popularity of these institutions and the widespread construction Turkish baths due to the laws of Islam that dictates the strictest hygiene and cleanliness.
in the hammam, you can make a real feast for the body and soul.Washing, stay and talk in the eastern baths help good escape from the daily bustle.Pleasant heat and unbearable heat, high humidity, odors and foam allow you to restore physical balance.No wonder that the word "hammam" in Arabic means "spreading the heat."
ceremony Turkish bath
Turkish bath known as hamam room with no hot warm floor in the center of which - heated stone beds, which are designed for evaporation and washing.Hamam building should necessarily have a domed ceiling that the steam does not drip onto the floor, and slowly trickled when it rises and condenses.
Hammam has three halls.Hamam divided into three rooms.The first "dzhamekyan" acts cloakroom.It decided to wear a loincloth "pestemal" take the Turkish natural soap made from olive oil, and a copper cup and take a shower to wash the skin with traces of everyday life.Dressing room is needed to heat the body, it reaches temperature plus 30 - 35 degrees Celsius.
When the body is well warmed up and ready to take further procedures, you can go into the steam room "hararet" where the cleansing, exfoliation, and massage is performed.Hamam bath room is shaped like a hand: bath niche similar to the fingers, and chebek-Tashi, a circular area with a stove bench at the center - the very hand.In each recess there is high humidity and temperature is different - from 70 to 100 degrees.
intensive heat opens the pores of the skin, can penetrate deep into the muscles.Using cashmere gloves, remove dead skin cells.The procedure produced alternately with water washing.As a result, open the pores, the skin begins to "breathe".After that the nice, tight little massage with soap suds.Again, water treatments.
Finally, go to the last room "soguklyuk" where you can relax, lie down, to cool and restore water loss through the adoption of tea.It is therefore not surprising that more and more adherents relaxing and gentle heat, and unforgettable experiences that are inherent in the present Turkish bathhouse, appears in Russia.
Advantages Turkish bath
Unlike the Finnish and Russian saunas, a hammam has a more comfortable thermal conditions for a person to whom a long time to get used to not have to.Turkish bath in comparison with the other guy has the high humidity, which is close to 100%.In rooms bath constantly present humid and soft steam, in which heat is not difficult to endure.
in the steam room hammam steam is that the temperature is about 45 degrees.The body is fully immersed in pairs, with the normal blood circulation and thermoregulation, and relax all the muscles.For a stronger effect, made to saturate the steam essential oils.
main advantages of Turkish baths:
- cleansing the body of harmful substances and toxins;
- cleansing and opening pores;
- relieve fatigue;
- stabilization system to cleanse the body;
- stabilization of the respiratory system;
- pain relief;
- decrease heat and cure the common cold;
- absence of insomnia;
- beneficial effects on the digestive system;
- weight stabilization.
Construction of a Turkish bath
Modern Turkish baths is definitely different from ancient prototypes.In our world, isolated and separated housing, especially social work lost hamam.Often developers want to have a small, but its steam room in your own home with a beautiful door for Turkish baths.
Construction technology hamam roots in antiquity.It was in those days, and was created a technique of construction.At that time, each master knew some wisdom and had their secrets.And we will be hard to follow these eternal canons!
Warm Turkish hamam building is quite difficult to do with his hands, it is better to trust the professionals in this field, such as the company ITS Sauna.
Draft Turkish bath
Before the construction of the hammam is worth to note that the classic Turkish bath consists of several separate rooms, passing through which people gradually warmed up, and takes a variety of treatments.Of course, at home like it is practically impossible to implement.Because of this, the private Turkish bath usually consists of 2-3 rooms.
Here are the main factors that influence the choice of builders:
1. A large area.Only a few people for the construction of a Turkish bath are willing to pay a huge space, because in this case it is necessary to build an entire building with different communications and special conditions of hydro and thermal insulation.
2. For a long time of construction.Work with your hands is quite possible to perform, but a large area of the process may be delayed.Most avid master in no time are not able to perform finishing a large room, so the classic hammam and refuse.
3. The economic value.Turkish bath is definitely the best place to rest their owners, but a large area is not so interesting from a financial point of view.Not everyone can invest for fun a couple of tens of thousands of dollars.So it is best to manage the construction of several small rooms.
Draft Turkish bath turns out not too complex, usually two rooms for private hamam is more than enough, because they are washed and steamed alone or in small groups.In the first room, made install beds, which can comfortably lie down and enjoy a massage.In the second room is a steam room itself.
Accommodation Turkish bath
Placing a Turkish hammam can be built anywhere, whether it be a cottage, an apartment, a health center if the building meets the technical standards of the Turkish bath facilities.
Besides premises of the bath should be a place for everything technical unit, where is the equipment - steam generators for steam baths, aroma, light projectors, as well as the system of internal heating surface of the steam room - the floor, walls and deck chairs.If it is a traditional oriental bath, then there is generally no steam generators.There is humidity and temperature are due to warm surface inside and evaporation of water from these surfaces.
Often developers are buying a steam generator equipped with a temperature sensor.If a Turkish bath temperature exceeds 55 degrees Celsius, the temperature sensor "Command" to stop the steam supply to the steam room hammam.If you have a goal in a simple pair add aromatic essences, you should think about buying aromageneratora.
choosing a room, it should be noted that the construction of a Turkish bath entails a reduction of useful area.The entire process, on average, is characterized by thickening of the walls of about 5-7 centimeters.This is because the wall pair need good thermal and waterproofing.It is due to the insulating material and interior decoration is reduced living space.
materials for the construction of a Turkish bath
In contrast to the Russian baths on the wood, in which the main finishing material is wood, a Turkish hammam never build with wood.However, with this choice of materials is extensive.
Natural marble historically is the main material for walls and deck chairs.Despite its high cost, many are buying natural marble to highlight the status and longer operating.Similarly, for the price, but the best material for the thermal capacity stands Talkohlorit which reduces quenching and temperature changes.
Smalt called small mosaic, lined with different pictures and patterns.Work with smalt is hard enough, but to saturate the hammam beauty "sweat" is.Also today there are modern materials in order to facilitate such a finish.
Ceramic tile is the most accessible material for the construction of a Turkish bath.Ceramic tiles currently competes with other materials than replacing marble smalt, the use of ceramic tile allows you to get absolutely any form.In this case, it lost up the historic Baths, but it is possible to build an inexpensive and well-functioning bath with his hands.
climate and lighting
Another equally important point is the height of the Turkish bath.For the arrangement of the traditional domed ceiling height hamam should be at least 2.5 meters.This form of the ceiling need to head does not drip on the "rain" settling condensate and slowly dripped to the floor along the walls.
prerequisite construction of a Turkish bath is the creation of ventilation.In the steam room there is high humidity, so we need to air are updated every 15 minutes.If ventilation bath is connected to a common ventilation system, the steam that condenses out can reach the most unexpected place, for example, in the hall.In classical Turkish bath is necessary to arrange the three pools.The first pool should be warm water, the second capacity - with a neutral third bowl - with a cold.
Special attention is given creation of lighting in the hammam.Since the steam room is humid, there is made to install low-voltage lighting waterproof.At the request of the developer light can make a truly exquisite: this system is equipped with Turkish bath "starry sky", which is embedded in the ceiling and twinkling stars simulates using the spotlight.
Another feature of the Turkish bath Hamam serves its functional device.Steam comes out of the shops equipped with special nozzles scattering.Since the stay in the sauna is increased sweating, then set directly inside the steam water source - Qurna, which is a near-wall bowl rinsing with taps for hot and cold water.
sanitation in the Turkish bath ladder should be equipped with a locking device that prevents the penetration of odor.But Qurna in the sewers should not have stock.Such a source of the best oriental style emphasizes a common bath.Sometimes establish "tropical rain", which allows to obtain a uniform and abundant water flow.With its help, you can not leave the steam zone bathe.
established Qurnah, you can enjoy the device stores and massage table.They are usually built of brick, make sure to display.In the classic version of the massage table dimensions allow it to accommodate a few people at a time.But in a small room such a table can not be established, so in this case, choose a table massage for one person.For convenience, the masseur should reach its height of 80 centimeters.
As you know, in the hammam, in contrast to the Finnish and Russian saunas, a tree not at all.Everything, even beds, made of stone.Facing the Turkish bath is carried out using traditional materials for hamam: marble, glass or marble mosaic and tiles.The most economical way of finishing - use ceramics, the most expensive - the purchase of whole natural marble.
Heating Turkish bath
Warm floor and lounges in two ways - water or electric heating .Heated organized on the principle of "warm floor".For operational and cost indicators is more profitable and better water heating.Construction hamam water heating arrangement involves in the floor, walls, and running water loungers with hot water that circulates constantly, and in the technical room should be installed boiler.
The Turkish bath is always recommended to keep the operating temperature of not less than 30 degrees Celsius.For six hours before the procedure, the temperature sensor is mounted on the heating at 45 ° C for two hours include steam.It is not necessary to turn off the voltage, because the device is equipped with an automatic washing.
Relax in the Turkish bath, a hammam is more intense if the steam room to complement with additional equipment such as automatic injection of essences, automatic flushing, which by means of sprinkler sprays disinfectant, stereo and PC Speaker for use in high temperature and high humidityand a system of sound therapy.
Thus, no need to go far away to visit a Turkish bath.To experience all the charm of steam in the hammam can be in native walls, you just have to do the construction of the bath.Compared with the ancient baths, the construction of the Turkish bath Hamam today has undergone major improvements, new materials and cutting-edge equipment.But along with this basic principle of the construction and arrangement of the Turkish baths - unchanged to this day.