frame is a major part of any ladder that meets not only the requirements of reliability and stability, but also aesthetic views.The great advantage of framing technology is its adaptive properties: you can initially make the frame ladder with their hands with the expectation that it will be inscribed in the common room design ideas, and you can build a frame in the draft and in the future to sheathe it in any suitable material.
- Frame ladder
- Shallow staircase
- How to make a ladder with your hands
- choice of material for the stairs
- Project development ladder
- assembly of the whole structure, step by step instructions
Prefab ladders currently gaining in popularity.This is due to the fact that in addition to the strength they possess countless variety of shapes and designs.In most cases, both producers and consumers prefer to use metal frames.But do not forget also that in addition to these, there are
frames from wood and metal have less own weight and easier to assemble than their concrete.But, again, it is worth noting that on the strength of concrete frame mounted inserts fittings, much stronger than wood and metal counterparts.So, before you determine the type of frame, the installation location should be analyzed and to formulate the necessary parameters of your future steps.
most easy to assemble and design a classic sloping staircase.But if the intended installation area a flight of stairs is small and does not allow you to turn especially to the extent it is necessary to pay attention to a spiral type of frame.The easiest way to mount an all-metal frame twisted: he is the smaller of their counterparts in size and can be a ready-made ladder that does not require further elaboration.
If you have a place to turn, you should choose between wooden boxes and concrete structures.The undoubted advantage of the frame of wood is its aesthetic beauty at the early stages of the installation, however, on the strength of such a structure is still inferior cast concrete spans.Durability is undoubtedly the main characteristic of the staircase in the evaluation framework.Do not underestimate the importance of the connection type frame parts: fastening on screws, adhesive or welding, but it is just as important as the materials of construction are joined together and bring additional stability to the stairs.After all, if the plane and the joints fit well together, the ladder will have a certain strength and without bindings.
How to make a ladder with your hands
And yet, what frame to choose, what would make a ladder with your hands?It all depends on your abilities, capabilities and availability of material.If you have a welder and metal, then your choice should be associated with sea stairs on a metal frame.But we'll still be realistic: not many people have the skills of welding and such equipment at home, and build a welded frame ladder will be problematic.But do not despair immediately and throw the construction of the stairs with his hands pigeonholed: surely you can find friends who will help you with this.
choice of material for the stairs
choice in any case, must be stopped on the wooden stairs relying on a metal frame: a perfect combination of durable metal design with the aesthetics of wooden stairs.Any other material has such warmth and attractiveness as a tree.In addition to the aesthetic appeal of wooden structures pleasantly surprised by its availability and price: for what would make a ladder with your hands, you will not find the material is cheaper and more reliable.Metal, of course, is also readily available and reliable, but the metal frame ladder prices in stores are often bite.
But if all your options do not allow you to spend money on custom metal frame, even through friends, then proceed to the construction of the wooden frame of the stairs.In such an arrangement has a number of features that should be strictly observe: first, on the accuracy of your calculations depend on your costs of excess material;Second, focusing on structural strength.The material for the frame experienced craftsmen on wood advise to choose dry, it is better if it is glued, wood or plywood.And if for any reason at the assembly stage have any doubts about the strength of the structure, not in a hurry, but rather once again refer to a specialist for advice.Note: Steps should be built to last, given its daily load.During mounting frame can also be some inaccuracy, so advance consider the possibility at any time to dismantle any of the structure units.It is not recommended to connect the pieces of wood glue at the very least use liquid nails.Returning to the above, we emphasize once again that it is better to get accustomed to a structure such as a welded ladder frame made of metal.
Project development ladder
So, facing the ladder frame our future, we have decided, then our main goal is the development of the project and the purchase of materials.This is difficult to give any advice, because it all depends on the individual case.Omit this step, and imagine that a ladder diagram we have and the material purchased.The following start creating pieces for stairs and their assembly.In cutting workpieces is no big deal, but note: at this stage it is very important to observe the accuracy of the calculations and measurements, otherwise the process of mounting the stairs are inconsistencies details.
First, and perhaps most important part of our future stairs - it stringers.Stringers called girders, saw cut which resembles a stage.It was during these later saw cut and mounted stage podstupenniki.In this framework a lot of advantages: stage, for example, are attached to the stringers themselves after their installation on site, which allows at any time to replace the damaged or broken part.More stringers always shifted from the edge of the steps at a distance of about 10 cm, by increasing the stiffness reduces the risk of broken or creaking stairs.Set a ladder can be virtually anywhere.
stringers we are cut.Our next step will be the fabrication of temporary and permanent support beams.Temporary beams are necessary then that would produce estimates of all the details in place.Let us assume that we have stringers made perfect, then we proceed to install balusters (permanent poles).Balusters installed stringers are fixed.What's next?The following is such an important time, as the manufacture of blanks steps and risers.Note: steps cut according to the size and risers should be required to cut the net thickness of the stage.
assembly of the whole structure, step by step instructions
Finally, the most crucial moment - the whole assembly of finished parts of our design.Their actions should be organized in the following sequence:
- anchoring screws each to the board kosour-poperechke.Fixing was carried out at the planned width of the stairs.
- Attach the stringers to the first floor and then to the balusters.Note: Mounting should not only be suitable to your situation, but also be strong enough.
- produce docking an frame with the base of the second floor.Care should be precision fit, if necessary, to minimize the difference.
- bolted to a beam on the second floor transverse boards.
- with screws to fix the steps and risers on planes stringers.You can use wood glue, but it is better to refrain from this.
- Last installation step ladder railing is considered binding.
- And last but not least - in woodworking milling machines, sanding and varnishing of surfaces.
In conclusion, I would like to say that many will find such tasteless stairs, someone will rely on its simplicity, while others just wave his hand and would not even bother to read it all.Wise people when something truly noticed how many people around - there are so many opinions.People who are accustomed to the chic and luxury, will not even bother trying to make a ladder frame with his hands, but simply will order in the workshop.But do not forget that there are those for whom these schemes are a lifesaver in terms of saving the small family budget.And there are those who like and a lot of money, and the ability to apply to the master there, but they will do it all yourself.Most such people cause sympathy in such moments they manifest their creativity and desire to create.Therefore, even if the means allow you to make a ladder to order, try to do it by hand.One hundred percent guarantee that you will get an unforgettable experience.